Roles and Responsibilities


The Board of Certification serves as the national certifying body for athletic training, and its Standards of Professional Practice outline the roles and responsibilities of certified athletic trainers. Such practice standards include practice expectations such as, “The Athletic Trainer renders service or treatment under the direction of a physician.”[13]Regardless of the setting, limitations and restrictions on what an athletic trainer can do and who can be treated are in large part determined by the regulatory statutes governing professional practice in individual states.[14]


“In certain situations, an individual may require treatment from or consultation with a variety of both medical and nonmedical services and personnel other than the athletic trainer.” It is the athletic trainer’s responsibility to understand the limits of their scope of practice and recognize situations where a referral is necessary. “A number of support health services may be used including school health services, nurses, physicians, dentists, podiatrists, physician’s assistants, physical therapists, strength and conditioning specialists, biomechanists, exercise physiologists, nutritionists, psychologists, massage therapists, occupational therapists, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, chiropractors, orthotists, prosthetists, equipment personnel, referees, or social workers.”

History of Athletic Training

Athletic training in the United States began in October 1881 when Harvard University hired James Robinson to work conditioning their football team. At the time, the term “athletic trainer” meant one who worked with track and field athletes. Robinson had worked with track and field athletes and the name “athletic trainer” transferred to those working on conditioning these football players and later other athletes. Athletic trainers began to treat and rehabilitate injuries in order to keep the athletes participating.[4] The first major text on athletic training and the care of athletic injuries was called Athletic Training (later changed to The Trainer’s Bible) written in 1917 by Samuel E. Bilik.[5] Early athletic trainers had “no technical knowledge, their athletic training techniques usually consisted of a rub, the application of some type of counterirritant, and occasionally the prescription of various home remedies and poultices”.[6] In 1918, Chuck Cramer started the Cramer Chemical Company (now Cramer Products) that produced a line of products used by athletic trainers and began publishing a newsletter in 1932 entitled The First Aider.[7]

Mucho Macho Man

Mucho Macho Man (foaled June 15, 2008) is a retired American Thoroughbred racehorse notable as the winner of the 2013Breeders’ Cup Classic. He was foaled in Florida and named after the Village People song “Macho Man“. His breeders were Carole and John Rio of Florida, who owned his dam. His foalhood nickname was “Lazarus” because he appeared lifeless at birth, but spontaneously revived. He grew to be a very large horse, standing over 17 hands (68 inches, 173 cm) high. Throughout most of his racing career, Mucho Macho Man was owned primarily by Dean and Patti Reeves of Reeves Thoroughbred Racing of Suwanee, Georgia. They purchased a majority interest in him after his first race in 2010, and in 2012 became his sole owners. In February 2014, Frank Stronach purchased an undisclosed share in the horse on behalf of his Adena Springs Farms, owner of Mucho Macho Man’s sire, Macho Uno. The stallion now lives at Adena Springs and will stand at stud beginning in the 2015 breeding season.

Jasdeep singh sandhu black belt in sports

August 2008 until present – Rock’s Fryer, Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire Assistant Manager for the family business

  • Responsible for managing and recruiting new staff, including advertising the job role, checking application forms and organising interviews and coaching.
  • Maintenance of the business: looking at accounts, weekly budgets and orders.
  • Ensuring hygiene and health and safety are maintained to a high standard.
  • Serving customers: dealing with customer requests and seeking opportunities to improve the business sales i.e. introduced new food items.